Macedonia and Kosovo After the Military Operations

I. Approaches to the research and methodology
The approach was interdisciplinary, i.e. a team of six scholars who applied specific methods and tools during the field work including a sociologist, a specialist in Slavonic studies, three anthropologists having individual tasks, a historian and a mediator-interpreter from Albania.*
 *A.Angelov, G.Savov, V.Tepavicharov, D.Mihaylova, Kr. Stoilov, A.Zhelyazkova and A.Chaushi.

Objective: Within five days to make an interdisciplinary survey of the situation in Macedonia after the ceasing of the military operations, measured through the attitudes of the Kosovo refugees in and out of the camps, of the Macedonian Albanians and the Macedonians themselves. To analyze indirectly the political perspective in Kosovo, leaning on the concentration of potentially unlimited number of respondents from different towns and villages, representatives of different social groups in one place, i.e. through interviews, questionnaires, free conversations, video-interviews and observations.

The questionnaires for the semi-standardized interviews, prepared by Prof. Peter-Emil Mitev, were filled in with 33 respondents in the Radusha and Bojane camps who came from more than 10 settlements in Kosovo. When filling in the questionnaires a great number of campers gathered, this usually turning into a free conversation, comments, and discussions with the participation of 5 to 15 persons.  The respondents were men and women from 16 to 80 years of age.

A lot of free interviews and talks were carried out with about 25-30 persons out of the camps who were refugees from Kosovo, Albanians from Macedonia, Albanians from Albania, Macedonians including politicians, members of the governing authorities in Macedonia, intellectuals, people with higher education and workers without any education.

II. Social specifications of the respondents

1. Albanian refugees in the camps and in the private houses in Tetovo.
The social picture in the camps is mixed, i.e. from illiterate people to students in the University of Prishtina and people with higher education. People with primary and secondary education are prevailing. One can hardly meet among the married women any with higher than primary education. Among the more elderly generation of women (from 50 to 60) one can often meet illiterate ones.

It is a quite clear tendency for people from ordinary families to remain in the camps, people who do not belong to the formal or informal elite of the Kosovar Albanians. People who are apolitical or who feel strongly about the events and the future of Kosovo are prevailing, but they have never been at policy nor has their opinion ever been considered.